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There are three types of tenses.

DEFINITION OF TENSES :-
It is just a"period of time"
these are just rules which help us to make sentence in present ,past and future.
THERE IS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TENSE AND SENTENCE :-
TENSE which make SENSE is known as sentence.
For example: if we make a normal tense following a particular rule.
i.e.
"Ram plays cricket."(present indefinite)
This is tense.
But when we use it in our actual language then it becomes sensible,that will become sentence.

PRESENT TENSE, PAST TENSE, FUTURE TENSE

They further have four types each so there are total 12 types of tenses that we will discuss in detail.

PRESENT INDEFINITE

RULES:-subject+verb+s or es(if singular subject)+object

example: Riya drinks water.

here Riya is subject,drink is verb and we write it as drinks because 'riya' is singular subject.

water is object here.

TENSE RULE CHART
tense chart

TENSES DETAIL

PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE :

RULES:

SUBJECT+VERB+S OR ES+OBJECT

 

if subject is plural or "I or YOU" than we don't use "s or es" with verb...

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+VERB+S OR ES+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

  1. The peon rings the bell.(singular subject)

  2. They play cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+DOES NOT OR DO NOT+VERB+OBJECT

we use does not with "singular subject" and do not with " plural subject"

EXAMPLE:

 

  1. The peon does not ring the bell.(singular subject)

  2. They do not play cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:

DOES OR DO +SUBJECT+VERB+OBJECT?

we use does with "singular subject" and do  with " plural subject"

EXAMPLE:

 

  1. Does the peon ring the bell?(singular subject)

  2. Do they play cricket?(plural subject)

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE :
RULES/STRUCTURE:-
SUBJECT+IS/AM/ARE+VERB+ING+OBJECT

THREE FORMS:
Affirmative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+IS/AM/ARE+VERB+ing+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:

The peon is ringing the bell.(singular subject)
They are playing cricket.(plural subject)
Negative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+IS/ARE/AM+NOT+VERB+ING+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:
The peon is not ringing the bell.(singular subject)
They are not playing cricket.(plural subject)

Interrogative:
RULE:-
IS/AM /ARE+SUBJECT+VERB+ING+OBJECT?
EXAMPLE:
Is the peon ringing the bell?(singular subject)
Are they playing cricket?(plural subject)

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+HAS/HAVE+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

“Has” is used with singular subject and “have” is used with plural subject.

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAS/HAVE+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon has rung the bell.(singular subject)

They have played cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAS/HAVE+NOT+VERB(third form)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

The peon has not rung the bell.(singular subject)

They have not played cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

HAS/HAVE+SUBJECT+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT?

EXAMPLE:

Has the peon rung the bell?(singular subject)

Have they played cricket?(plural subject)

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+HAS/HAVE+BEEN+VERB(FIRST FORM)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

We use “SINCE” when we want to talk about a particular day,e.g. since Monday, since childhood etc..

And we use “FOR” here ,when we want talk about duration of time. e.g. for 2 hours,for 3 months etc.

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ HAS/HAVE+BEEN +VERB(FIRST FORM)+ing+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

 

The bell has been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They have been playing cricket since morning.(plural subject)

I have been learning music since childhood.

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAS/HAVE+NOT+BEEN+VERB+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

The bell has not been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They have not been playing cricket since tomorrow.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

HAS/HAVE+SUBJECT+BEEN+VERB(1)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR?

EXAMPLE:

Has the bell been ringing for 2 minutes?( (singular subject)

Have they been playing cricket since morning?(plural subject)

PAST INDEFINITE TENSE :

RULES:

SUBJECT+VERB(SECOND FORM)+OBJECT

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+VERB(SECOND FORM)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon rang the bell.(singular subject)

They played cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+DID NOT+VERB(first form)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon did not ring the bell.(singular subject)

They did not play cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:

DID +SUBJECT+VERB(first form)+OBJECT?

EXAMPLE:

 

Did the peon ring the bell?(singular subject)

Did they play cricket?(plural subject)

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE :
RULES/STRUCTURE:-
SUBJECT+WAS/WERE+VERB(first form)+ING+OBJECT

THREE FORMS:
Affirmative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+WAS/WERE+VERB(first form)+ing+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:

The peon was ringing the bell.(singular subject)
They were playing cricket.(plural subject)
Negative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+WAS/WERE+NOT+VERB(first form)+ING+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:
The peon was not ringing the bell.(singular subject)
They were not playing cricket.(plural subject)

Interrogative:
RULE:-
WAS/WERE+SUBJECT+VERB(first form)+ING+OBJECT?
EXAMPLE:
Was the peon ringing the bell?(singular subject)
Were they playing cricket?(plural subject)

PAST PERFECT TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+HAD+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAD+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon had rung the bell.(singular subject)

They had played cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAD+NOT+VERB(third form)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

The peon had not rung the bell.(singular subject)

They had not played cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

HAD+SUBJECT+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT?

EXAMPLE:

Had the peon rung the bell?(singular subject)

Had they played cricket?(plural subject)

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+HAD+BEEN+VERB(FIRST FORM)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

We use “SINCE” when we want to talk about a particular day,e.g. since Monday, since childhood etc..

And we use “FOR” here ,when we want talk about duration of time. e.g. for 2 hours,for 3 months etc.

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ HAD+BEEN +VERB(FIRST FORM)+ing+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

 

The bell had been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They had been playing cricket since morning.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+HAD+NOT+BEEN+VERB+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

The bell had not been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They had not been playing cricket since yesterday.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

HAD+SUBJECT+BEEN+VERB(FIRST FORM)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR?

EXAMPLE:

Had the bell been ringing for 2 minutes?( (singular subject)

Had they been playing cricket since morning?(plural subject)

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE :
RULES:
SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+VERB(FIRST FORM)+OBJECT

GUYS ! we use "shall" with "I" AND" WE" but now a days we use " will" with every subject,reason may be that we consider  "SHALL" as when we want to give some advise.

THREE FORMS:
Affirmative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+VERB(FIRST FORM)+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:
 
The peon will ring the bell.(singular subject)
They will play cricket.(plural subject)
Negative:
RULE:
SUBJECT+WII/SHALL+VERB(first form)+OBJECT
EXAMPLE:
 
The peon will not ring the bell.(singular subject)
They will not play cricket.(plural subject)
 
Interrogative:

RULE:
WILL/SHALL +SUBJECT+VERB(first form)+OBJECT?
EXAMPLE:
 
Will the peon ring the bell?(singular subject)
Will they play cricket?(plural subject)

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+WILL BE/SHALL BE+VERB(1)+ING+OBJECT

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ WILL BE/SHALL BE +VERB(1)+ing+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon will be ringing the bell.(singular subject)

They will be playing cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ WILL /SHALL +NOT+BE+VERB+ING+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

The peon will not be ringing the bell.(singular subject)

They will not be playing cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

WILL /SHALL +SUBJECT+BE+VERB(1)+ING+OBJECT?

EXAMPLE:

Will the peon be ringing the bell?(singular subject)

Will they be playing cricket?(plural subject)

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+ HAVE+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+ HAVE+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

 

The peon will have rung the bell.(singular subject)

They will have played cricket.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+NOT+HAVE+VERB(third form)+OBJECT

EXAMPLE:

The peon will not have rung the bell.(singular subject)

They will not have played cricket.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

WILL/SHALL+SUBJECT+HAVE+VERB(THIRD FORM)+OBJECT?

EXAMPLE:

Will the peon have rung the bell?(singular subject)

Will they have played cricket?(plural subject)

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE :

RULES/STRUCTURE:-

SUBJECT+WILL/SHALL+ HAVE+BEEN+VERB(FIRST FORM)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

We use “SINCE” when we want to talk about a particular day,e.g. since Monday, since childhood etc..

And we use “FOR” here ,when we want to talk about duration of time. e.g. for 2 hours,for 3 months etc.

 

THREE FORMS:

Affirmative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ WILL/SHALL+ HAVE +BEEN +VERB(FIRST FORM)+ing+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

 

The bell will have been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They will have been playing cricket since evening.(plural subject)

Negative:

RULE:

SUBJECT+ WILL/SHALL+ NOT+HAVE +BEEN+VERB+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR

EXAMPLE:

The bell will not have been ringing for 2 minutes.(singular subject)

They will not have been playing cricket since tomorrow.(plural subject)

 

Interrogative:

RULE:-

WILL/SHALL+SUBJECT+HAVE+BEEN+VERB(FIRST FORM)+ING+OBJECT+SINCE/FOR?

EXAMPLE:

Will the bell have been ringing for 2 minutes?( (singular subject)

Will they have been playing cricket since evening?(plural subject)